Arms that are just hanging down at the side of your model's body are a one-way ticket to awkward photos. To counteract this, simply give those arms and hands something to do. You can ask your model to bend their arms slightly, offer a prop for them to hold, or even combine this step with another above and lean back with an arm against a wall. For headshots, you can advise your model to cross their arms but be warned that this can often produce a threatening or uninviting look, so tread carefully!
Top tip: Arms crossed loosely around the waist is a softer and less imposing variation on crossed arms.
When it comes to hands, there are several steps you can take to avoid them causing issues, such as placing them on hips, in pockets, or even asking your model to adjust their coat or tie while you shoot - this last step lets viewers know that your model means business.